Fine beaches, whitewashed villages, centuries-old crafts…Vicky Smith is amazed it’s still a secret
Long gone are the days when Portuguese tourism centred on the Algarve. Visitors are fast realising there’s plenty more to mainland Portugal than its coastline: from cosmopolitan cities like Lisbon, Porto and Coimbra to beautiful geoparks and the wineries of Douro Valley.
One area that remains relatively undiscovered, however, is Alentejo (literally ‘beyond Tagus river’) - an area of south-central and southern Portugal that feels refreshingly unspoiled. While you’ll find some of Europe’s beaches here, Alentejo also has much to offer inland: from medieval villages to marble towns and UNESCO-designated crafts, not to mention a very warm welcome.
From Lisbon, it’s just a 1.5-hour drive to the region’s capital of; starting with the impressive Vasco de Gama bridge, Europe’s second longest bridge at 12.3 km/7.6 miles, from which we spotted a flamboyance of flamingos (yes, that really is their collective name).
Then followed a picturesque drive through golden plains peppered with cork trees and unwieldy stork nests. Throughout our trip, good roads and minimal traffic made journeys a doddle: if only UK was the same…
Back to the real world, and the, whose historic walled centre has been shaped by over twenty centuries of history. Highlights include the Roman Temple of Diana, the thirteenth century cathedral and a myriad of monuments which sprang up following its golden age in the fifteenth century: from royal palaces to bone chapels and churches tiled in stunning azulejos.
But even just meandering around Évora is a pleasure. Like many places in Alentejo, its whitewashed buildings (often trimmed in yellow or blue), cobbled streets and shady terraces - perfect for enjoying a glass of fresh orange - encourage a slower pace of life.
After somewhere to dine?is one of Évora’s oldest and most esteemed restaurants, with former visitors including Jane Russell and Tony Blair. Traditional Alentejo cuisine spans local cheeses with pumpkin jam to cod fish carpaccio, Cartuxa-style partridge and bread soup with dogfish and coriander. Desserts, meanwhile, typically include egg and sugar as their main ingredients - flavoured with the likes of cinnamon and almonds. Fialho also has a comprehensive wine list, and we found the service to be extremely efficient.
It was a short walk back to our hotel for the night, located just two minutes from the city walls. While part of Portugal’s second largest hotel group, each Vila Galé Hotel retains a unique character, andis inspired by local culture: from the Alentejo lyrics written on the walls to the equestrian artwork and sleek marble décor. Visitors can enjoy a four-star stay, with 185 spacious rooms and facilities aplenty (not to mention a blissfully quiet night: in fact, I didn’t use my earplugs on the whole trip).
Next morning’s destination, just a 25-minute drive away, was Arraiolos - a pretty little town that’s famous for its handcrafted rugs. While officially dating from the Middle Ages, some believe the tradition began even earlier when the Moors conquered Portugal: bringing the Persian influences that many of these embroidered tapetes now bear. Painstakingly cross-stitched by a clutch of nimble-fingered women, some take an astonishing six months to make. Unsurprisingly, however, little pay and long work isn’t attracting younger generations…let’s hope a custom of centuries doesn’t die out now.
While the aforementioned rugs can cost over €500, smaller versions are more affordable and one of my travel companions group brought a cushion cover for €50. Shopping aside, there’s a small but engaging museum on the town square too.
With lunchtime fast approaching, we next headed to Pousada de Arraiolos; one of a chain of luxurious inns across Portugal, often blending historic surroundings with modern touches. This particular one was a sixteenth century convent; offering (amongst other things) two swimming pools, spa, tennis court and even its own chapel, beautifully tiled in the regional style. Getting hitched? This would be hard to beat.
The restaurant offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside, wines from across Portugal and fine food: favourites included the superb local asparagus, stewed pork in red wine and the convent’s signature chicken pie.
Onto nearby Estremoz (whose own pousada, in a thirteenth castle built for Queen Santa Isabel, is replete with period furniture and even canopied beds). One of Alentejo’s fortified white settlements, this small city is also famed for its artisan heritage - this time in the form of clay characters, often brightly painted and depicting regional traditions.
Inscribed by UNESCO in 2017, these distinctive figures can be seen in the municipality museum; an interesting place full of artefacts spanning carved horn vessels to dioramas made of cork. But, to see the pottery process in action, you’re best visiting one of the handful of workshops: Atelier Irmãs Flores (above) is the best known, and even large figures generally cost less than €75.
Tonight’s accommodation was Casa do Terreiro do Poço, owned by a couple who deal in antiques and filled with furnishings from across the globe. Add in the themed rooms (my ‘kitchen’ room included utensil artworks and a bedside table which looked like a cooker), as well as period features (including an eighteenth-century winery, taberna and original frescoes), and it was perhaps the most interesting place I’ve stayed. The sprawling historical complex - located in the peaceful village of Borba - also boasts cooking lessons, swimming pool, bike rides and even ceremonial dinners.
Our last full day began in Elvas, a frontier town best known for its unusual star-shaped fort. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012, Forte da Graça’s proximity to Spain saw it fight off Spanish troops in several battles before becoming a political prison during the Civil War. Guided tours are available and there are great views across Elvas, including its magnificent sixteenth-century aqueduct.
Elvas’ other claim to fame comes in the form of bacalhau dourado (literally ‘golden cod’). Conceived in 1947, this piquant speciality - containing shredded cod, olive oil, eggs and cheveux d’ange potatoes, with a shot of gazpacho and olive paste - is apparently so good that it often draws hungry Spaniards from across the nearby border. The fish dish broke records in 2011 when it was cooked up for over 3000 people, aided by hundreds of volunteers.
Its birthplace, Santa Luzia Hotel, is Portugal’s oldest inn - another alluring blend of classic and contemporary, from the chic décor to floodlit pool and traditional hand-painted furniture in its 25 rooms. As well as the iconic bacalhau dourado, other local delights we tried here include black pork sausage (more than a match for chorizo) and the esteemed Elvas plums, whose trees were a common sighting on the scenic drive to Monsaraz.
Perched on a hilltop overlooking one of Europe’s largest artificial lakes, this well-preserved medieval village is perhaps the region’s most picturesque settlement - and that takes some doing. Whitewashed buildings house artisanal shops, cobbled streets brim with flowers and olive groves sprinkle the surrounding plains. Attractions include the castle, home to a bullring, and a Jewish history centre but Monsaraz is mainly a place to relax. Sunsets here are legendary and the nearby Dark Sky Reserve comes highly recommended.
The village itself has several acclaimed restaurants but we had dinner at São Lourenço do Barrocal: an ancient farming village which has been converted into the epitome of understated luxury. Located just 7 km/4.3 miles from Monsaraz, the 780-hectare estate (in the same family for over 200 years) spans walled gardens to orchards and 24 stylish lodgings. Needless to say, there’s a top-notch spa, fitness studio and pool too - while activities include horse rides, kids’ treasure hunts, archaeological visits and even hot air ballooning.
Backed by a stunning feature wall, the restaurant serves a contemporary slant on Alentejo cuisine: offering dishes like fava beans with regional sausage and strawberries, veal cheeks with sweet potato puree and olive oil and lemon pudding for dessert. Many wines are made on the estate, using esteemed Portuguese grape varieties such as Touriga Nacional and Alicante Bouschet (tasting sessions are offered).
Another UNESCO-designated tradition with centuries of heritage, there’s more to cowbell-making than you might imagine: from tuning the bell to fitting the cork clapper and the (somewhat ironic) leather strap. Pardalinho allows visitors to watch the process, and you can even buy souvenirs - a cowbell keyring comes in handy if you’re always losing your keys…
Alas, we continued onto Lisbon airport and the end of our Alentejo trip: my first trip to Portugal.
What a taster.
Vicky Smith flew out with TAP Air Portugal; which flies direct from London City Airport, Heathrow, Gatwick and Manchester to Lisbon International Airport up to twelve times a day. Prices start at £43 one way including all taxes and surcharges. For further information, visit www.flytap.com or call 0345 601 0932
Vicky stayed at Vila Galé Évora, Avenida Túlio Espanca, 7005-840 Évora; Casa do Terreiro do Poço, Largo dos Combatentes da Grande Guerra, 12 Borba; and Monte Saraz, Horta dos Revoredos, 7200-172 Monsaraz
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) is a branch of United Nations. Its aims include promoting peace, equality and cultural heritage. Initiatives referred to in this article include the World Heritage Convention and Intangible Cultural Heritage
For more information on Alentejo, visit www.visitalentejo.pt